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Jean E. Barthman, DDS
801 Brewster Ave<br/> Ste 255
Redwood City, CA 94063
Ph: (650) 367-4967

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Meet Dr. Barthman

Dr. BarthmanBeauty, Health and Comfort. These words best describe the office of Dr. Barthman. Because of her years of experience and education, she possesses the latest knowledge and techniques in restorative and cosmetic dentistry to help you achieve optimal results.

Dr. Barthman is a Member of

  • American Dental Association
  • Las Vegas Institute for
  • Advanced Dental Studies

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Did You Know?

Above all else, Dr. Barthman wants for you to have a beautiful, new smile. Prevention is the key to staying healthy and so we recommend the following tips to get you on your way:

  • Brush your teeth at least twice a day.
  • Chew sugarless gum instead of sugary varieties.
  • Floss daily and if possible, after every meal.
  • Prevent plaque and cavities by reducing your daily intake of sweet snacks.
  • Schedule a cleaning and oral examination with Dr. Barthman once a year.

 

How Do Cavities Form?

September 01, 2015 @ 12:02 PM -- by Dr. Jean Barthman

A toothWhen patients meet with Jean E. Barthman, DDS, they know that they are undergoing some of the best dental care in Redwood City. Our practice offers the latest in restorative dentistry treatments as well as solid general dentistry services.

Treating tooth decay is pretty common at any dental practice, and yet many patients have misconceptions about tooth decay and why it happens. Let's take a moment right now to go over tooth decay and how it can be treated and avoided.

Cavities at a Glance: The Basics

Cavities are caused by oral bacteria within the mouth feeding on food particles and creating acidity in the process. This damages the topmost layer of the tooth, causing it to rot away. The missing portion of the tooth structure is known as a cavity.

Understanding Oral Bacteria

Oral bacteria naturally occurs within everyone's mouth. It's the same bacteria that's also responsible for bad breath and gum disease. While the oral bacteria is necessary, it's important to keep your teeth and gums as clean as possible to avoid serious dental problems.

The Anatomy of a Tooth

The topmost layer of each tooth is comprised of enamel. This is one of the hardest substances in the human body. Beneath the enamel layer is substance known as dentin. Within the tooth is a hollow space that is filled with dental pulp, a combination of nerves, blood vessels, and connective tissue that helped in the initial maturation and development of a tooth.

Plaque and Dental Calculus (Tartar)

In order for the oral bacteria to remain on a tooth and feed on food particles, the bacteria creates a substance known as dental plaque. This is a sticky biofilm. If the plaque remains in place and is not cleaned, it hardens and turns into a rough substance known as tartar (dental calculus), which is ideal for bacteria to reside on.

Damaging the Enamel Layer and More Serious Problems

When the enamel layer is destroyed, a number of issues occur. First of all, a tooth becomes weaker and more likely to chip or break. Secondly, food particles can get lodged into the cavity, leading to further and more severe tooth decay. If left untreated, the oral bacteria can reach into the pulp chamber and cause a painful infection.

Treatment Options for Cavities and Tooth Decay

It's most ideal for tooth decay to be treated as soon as possible. This minimizes the amount of damage to a tooth and helps patients retain as much natural structure as possible. Dentists will use a restoration to replace the missing tooth structure. This typically means a dental filling, an inlay, an onlay, or a crown. The best restoration will depend on the extent of the tooth damage.

Tips for Preventing Cavities and Tooth Decay

In order to prevent the formation of cavities in the first place, consider the following oral hygiene tips:

  • Brush your teeth at least twice a day (ideally after every meal)
  • Floss your teeth at least once a night (ideally after every meal)
  • Avoid snacking on sugary foods
  • Limit your consumption of candy and sweets
  • Stay hydrated throughout the day by drinking water
  • Visit your dentist twice a year for regular checkups

Learn More About Treating and Preventing Cavities

To learn more about cavity formation and how tooth decay can be properly treated and prevented, be sure to contact our cosmetic and restorative dentistry center today. Jean E. Barthman, DDS will work closely with you to ensure that you receive the best possible dental care.